What are the different types of collagen? Some scientists say there are 16, while others believe there to be 28 different types. Five types are the most common. What are the 5 types of collagen? The five most common types are: type l collagen, type ll collagen, type lll collagen, type V collagen and type X collagen. These are the most common types of collagen found in our bodies are considered an essential part of our physical makeup. Eighty percent to ninety percent of the collagen in the body consists of types I, II, and III collagen.
Type I collagen is the most abundant protein found in our bodies. Type I helps to form our skin, bones, tendons, corneas, blood vessel walls and other connective tissues. It is the strongest type of collagen. Type 1 collagen is the main college and that is responsible for the building blocks of your skin. Our collagen production naturally decreases as we age. Supplementing with collagen supplements is great way to help our skin as we age.
In studies, collagen has been shown to improve skin’s thickness, function, moisture content, and appearance. Collagen peptides from fish are considered superior in raising overall body collagen and improving skin, hair, nail, and bone quality. Marine collagen is up to one-and-a-half times more bioavailable than chicken or bovine collagen. Which means marine collagen more readily digested, absorbed, and metabolized than that of chicken and bovine. If collagen’s skin-related benefits are your top priority, type I collagen is your go-to, as it makes up 90 percent of your hair, skin, and nails, along with organs, bones, and ligaments.
Type I collagen can be found in supplements featuring bovine or fish collagen. Marine collagen is generally easily absorbable by the body. Egg collagen from the whites and shells of eggs, contains mostly type I collagen, but also can feature other types of collagen, including collagen type X.
What is collagen type ll? Type II collagen is the major collagen found in cartilage. Type ll collagen helps to form the cartilage that protects our joints and is known for supporting healthy joints. It is a crucial part of joint health. This type is also found in our intestines and is crucial to keeping the intestinal lining healthy.
Supplements featuring chicken collagen, such as chicken bone broth protein powder, can be great supplements featuring type II collagen. Chicken collagen also contains chondroitin sulfate and glucosamine sulfate. Both sulfates are popular for supporting healthy joints.
Type III collagen helps form arterial walls, a key component for cardiovascular health. It’s often found alongside type I collagen in the body. Type III is alongside bone, cartilage, dentin, tendons, skin, and other connective tissues. Type III collagen is found in many organs (most notably our intestines), blood vessels and aides the structure of muscles. Although, it is found in smaller amounts. It also offers similar skin and bone related benefits. Types I and III make perfect supplement duo. This is also why you will find most of the collagen supplements on the market contain these two types of collagen.
Type III is especially important for those of us with Fibro since it is a major part of our gut lining. An overwhelming majority of us with Fibromyalgia suffer from leaky gut, Chron’s, SIBO, and colitis amongst other digestive issues. Our gut lining acts as a barrier between the substances we consume and our bloodstream. This in turn helps our digestive system run smoothly benefits our immune system.
Type III is a fibrillar collagen, which means it helps with the small slender fibers, and is a major component of our skin and organs. This means that Type III collagen is often found in the same place as type l collagen is found. Type III is often in supplements designed to support healthy skin. Bovine collagen, which is derived from the muscles, bones and skin of cows is another collagen supplement option that features mainly types l and lll collagen. These are two of the most abundant types of collagen in the human body.
Type III collagen supplements are often made from bovine sources.
Type V and Type X
Type V collagen is a minor collagen component. Along with type I collagen, it has a significant role in regulating the development of collagen fibers of connective tissue. Type V collagen co-exists with type II collagen in joint cartilage, while supporting healthy collagen fibers of type II collagen. Type V collagen also functions to create the cells of a pregnant women's placenta. Type V collagen also helps to form cell surfaces and hair.
Type V collagen is usually sourced from the membranes of eggshells.
Type X collagen is described as a “network-forming collagen.”
Though the first three types of collagen are the most abundant in the body and the most commonly found in supplements, some of the lesser-seen types—notably types V and X—are also important for key body functions. Type X plays a crucial role in bone formation.
Collagen type X (which is generally found in eggshell membrane collagen) is a protein typically present in normal joint cartilage.
Type X is made from chicken and bovine sources.
Since collagen can get pretty pricey, I have found a great brand with Type I and Type III collagen. It is 20 grams per scope, non-GMO, and doesn’t have any nasty additives or fillers. It’s three pounds so it lasts for approximately six months and you don’t have to keep ordering month after month.
If you are looking for a collagen with all five types, give this one a try. It is 10 grams per scoop and also contains vitamin C, biotin and hyaluronic acid. It doesn’t have any nasty additives or fillers and is also non-GMO. It’s two pounds and will last approximately three months.